Please excuse the picture quality, when I get some time I'll try to take better ones.
- CO2 Laser Cutter/engraver (http://www.ebay.com/itm/STREET-PRICE-CO2-LASER-ENGRAVING-CUTTING-MACHINE-ENGRAVER-HOT-USB-PORT-a7-/301016468274?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item4615facb32) $478.00 with free shipping. Not too bad at all. Ships from US too...
Electronics ($65) for everything on ebay - im sure theres other deals out there too!
- RAMPS 1.4 with 2 Pololu stepper drivers
- Arduino Mega 2560
- Reprap Smart Full LCD Controller (if you want something that's stand-alone - optional)
- Ribbon cable connector: (I just unsoldered mine from the Moshidraw board) - couldn't wait for them to come from digikey :)
|CONN FFC 12POS 1.25MM VERT PCB||TE Connectivity||1-84534-2||DigiKey#: A100331-ND|
- (optional) Lightobjects.com Power table bed for the K40 Laser machine. Note: be ready to bend and reseat screws until the stepper can turn the belt to raise and lower. I still dont have mine working right. (http://www.lightobject.com/Power-table-bed-kit-for-K40-small-laser-machine-P722.aspx)
A good blog on a nearly identical K40 laser:
(note: the firmware has to be rebuilt with LASER_RASTER defined... I've also been informed there may a bug in the raster portion of the firmware - going to try and find it...)
(having trouble at the moment getting PIL (python imaging library) working. Will post results once I have some more time...
Web Based Image to Gcode tool for Raster:
Lansing Makers Network Web Based G-code tool: (very nice!)
Removed the existing electronics, making sure I left the ribbon cable and Y-axis cables in tact. Removed the mounting plate:
Mounted the Arduino Mega to the Plate the moshidraw electronics were attached to, the USB port doesnt really line up, get ready to bend some metal:
Note: An alternate pinout for some laser supplies is as follows:
In this case you want to connect D5 to L. WP to GND is the normally closed interlock loop. D6 to IN for the PWM (Laser intensity) signal. Also, if you are using your own firmware, L is active low for laser on, and H is active high.
Made the above connections: (still need to neaten things up)
Used a aquarium air pump for the air assist, the drag chains are cheap ones off ebay (Drag Chain - Cable Carrier 7 x 7 mm for CNC Router, Mill 500mm - 19-5/8" Long), an air assist head can be 3d printed from one of the designs on Thingiverse.com. Lightobjects.com also sells a complete aluminum air assist head:
The aquarium water pump it came with actually works fairly decent, some heat exchangers help dissipate the heat due to my small reservoir of distilled water, the clamp is there because I don't have a check valve and air would get sucked back into the lines. The 12V fan is being driven from an ac wall adapter for now until I put a 24V to 12V DC converter in the laser to power it all:
I'm using Inkscape and the Lansing Makers Group plug-in to generate G-code for cuts. Still looking for some tools to do raster and picture engraving.... Did 4000mm/min feed rate test on 1/16" acrylic - works well...
I designed the panel to mount the LCD control board, current meter, on/off, and laser on/off controls to.
Here is the DXF file for the above cutout:
Here's the unpainted plate mounted in position. I still need to tweak some of the hole centers, but for the most part it worked out well:
Video of it in action, cutting out the panel:
- M03 and M05 are LASER ON and OFF respectively
This is at the top of all my gcode files:
G96 S90 (set spindle speed so M3/M5 will work)
G21 (All units in mm)
- G00 move laser to position without turning off
- G01, 02, 03 etc.. are cut moves
- S(0-100) specifies the laser intensity on G01,02,03 line and arc moves
- G07 is RASTER line.
- Check the direction of the fan mounted inside. Mine was blowing out... Blowing in is much better and smells better too.
PUT A FAN DIRECTLY ON THE LASER SUPPLY! Just a 5 minute job got it hot to the touch.
Still to do:
** I have some solid state AC switches I'm going to tie a digital pin to. This will turn on the Air Pump (for the laser head), Water Pump (for cooling), and the exhaust fan with an M-code (will add to firmware - might just use spindle on and off...)
** Add a case switch and water flow switch to the interlock loop so I don't burn an eye ball or the laser tube.
** Plugin Z table axis to Z on RAMPs board. Having trouble with the Z table at the moment, very hard to move the belt, loosened and re tightened everything - need to find what is making it bind...
** Design a PCBoard that will plug into the RAMPS and allow for an almost seamless upgrade by just plugging all existing cables into the new electronics.
I will post updates as I do these...
If you would like to donate to my projects fund, my paypal is: email@example.com All donations will contribute to open source efforts and documentation to make others lives easier. It's a pain trailblazing a new or dirty path, especially with limited funds...